Some dogs develop allergies just as humans do. Possible allergic reactions are caused by reactions to flea bites, too-small nasal passages, difficult digestion, and even their own dander and hair. Breeds that are known to have allergies are terrier, Bishon frise, beagles, retrievers, boxers and setters. However, any and all dogs can have allergic reactions to anything in their environment.
Common allergic reactions are raw skin from excessive scratching, hair missing in patches, red skin, coughing, sneezing, hives, excessive licking of the paws and excessive chewing. Other signs are diarrhea, watery eyes and vomiting.
These allergic reactions may last for only a few days, but if they go away and then return, make an appointment to see a veterinarian immediately. Some allergies can be eliminated by changing the dog’s food or flea collar or the vet may prescribe medication.
Sometimes a dog’s mood may change because he is suffering an allergic reaction. He may be irritable, angry, clingy or lethargic. No amount of discipline will work during an allergy attack. Help your pet by discovering the cause and treatment of his allergy attack immediately. Don’t delay taking him to a vet. Also, keep a record of his symptoms and reaction to treatment.
Some smaller breeds develop breathing problems as they get older. The best way to help him breathe easier is to keep his environment clean by vacuuming often. Also consider purchasing a air purifier to eliminate dust and allergens. Your dog needs exercise every day, but it is best to play with him inside on cold days to keep him from catching a head cold and making his breathing problems worse.
If your pet is allergic to fleas, bathe him in a shampoo that kills fleas and their eggs. Rid your home of fleas so he will not be re-infested. Your problem may be eliminated with a carpet spray or may be big enough to hire an exterminator. Once the fleas are gone, spray your dog each time he goes outside. Do not use the spray on open bites or scratches.
If your dog suffers from vomiting or diarrhea, he could be allergic to his food. Make sure that a vet determines whether it is his food or an internal condition.
There is little you can do to help your pet if he is allergic to his own hair or dander except try to help him with his symptoms. Keep him brushed and groomed every day to keep excess hair and dander to a minimum. Bathe him once per month. Your vet may suggest an antihistamine to lessen the symptoms.
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A dog with allergies can live a relatively normal, happy life if you help him as much as possible with the symptoms. Frequent visits to the vet can give you the answers you need to combat the symptoms that can make him miserable. Regular grooming will also keep you abreast of any problems. Your dog will love you for your concern.